What Is Foot Pain?
A man experiences foot pain.
- The foot is a complex skeletal (anatomical) structure that may be affected by diseases within the body or the foot itself.
- About 17%-42% of people have/had foot pain from other conditions.
- The most common causes of foot pain are overuse activities and injury to the foot.
- There are other causes of foot pain from medical problems that include:
What Are the Symptoms and Signs Associated with Foot Pain?
If your toenail turns black, it's most likely a bruise under the nail, technically called a subungual hematoma.
Foot pain can be associated with the following:
- Has difficulty sleeping
- Poor function in daily activities
- There can be limping and disability
What Procedures and Tests Diagnose the Cause of Foot Pain?
All high heels boost the risk of an ankle sprain. The risk of developing osteoarthritis rises with a severe sprain or fracture of the ankle.
- Foot pain is evaluated by carefully hearing the history of the symptoms related to the foot pain (when it began, how it is aggravated, when it is relieved, etc.). It is also diagnosed by examination of the foot to evaluate swelling, warmth, redness, and tenderness.
- Close examination of the toes, toenails, underside of the foot, and the ankle will usually be part of the evaluation.
- Sometimes X-ray testing or other imaging tests, such as MRI scanning, are used to make a diagnosis of foot pain.
What Is the Treatment for Foot Pain?
A doctor can develop a treatment plan that is best suited for each patient. Untreated, gout can become chronic and damage joints to a point where surgery is inevitable.
The treatment of foot pain depends on the precise cause. For example, gout can require medication or cortisone injection, while a fracture can require immobilization with casting. Surgery is the final option.
What Home Remedies Treat and Relieve Foot Pain?
Home remedies for common foot pain include the following:
What Is the Recovery Time for Foot Pain?
The prognosis of foot pain depends on the cause of the pain. Fractures heal after four to six weeks with immobilization and resting.
Can You Prevent Foot Pain?
Foot pain can be prevented by avoiding injury or trauma to the foot. All high heels boost the risk of an ankle sprain. Look for a wide wedge or platform shoe that is nearly parallel with the ground.
Reviewed on 3/16/2022
Firestein, G.S. Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology, Ninth Edition. China: Elsevier Saunders, 2012.